Genomyx's NEW Protocol: The Evolution of Recovery!
The Sirens’ song of peak performance… We’re all drawn to it. But, with every stride, with every repetition, with every added pound, we move farther from it. We tire because we’re human… But, because we’re human, we recover. And as that song swells, we want to recover quickly. PROTOCOL dictates exactly that. A quality recovery formula, with a combination of ingredients that are clinically proven to reduce muscle tissue damage, and induce endurance and peak performance… We’re all drawn to it. It’s OUR protocol.
Protocol Key Benefits:
- Elevates muscle protein synthesis
- Enhancement of androgen receptor response
- Cardio- and neuro-protective
- Prevention of lactic acidosis/ATP depletion
- Improvement in endurance and performance
NEW Protocol Directions:
As a dietary supplement, mix two (2) scoops of Protocol with 8oz of cold water. Consume immediately after mixing on an empty stomach, at least 30 minutes before meals. For best results, consume up to two (2) servings of Protocol each day.
NEW Protocol WARNING:
Do not use unless first obtaining clearance from your licensed healthcare practitioner. For use by healthy adults only. Do not use if you have or could develop any medical or psychiatric condition, even those minor in nature. Do not use in conjuction with any prescription drugs. Always consume adequate amounts of water with all creatine products and discontinue use if any adverse reactions occur. Keep container tightly closed and in a cool, dry, dark place. Always keep this and all supplements out of reach of children and animals.
Overview of ingredients and function:
Leucine is a Branched Chain Amino Acid (BCAA’s) concentrated highly in eggs, milk, beef, chicken and fish. Since Leucine is one of the few amino acids not metabolized by the liver, intake directly affects cellular concentrations (1). Numerous studies have looked at the ability of Leucine to prevent muscle protein breakdown and increase muscle protein synthesis (MPS) rates with promising results (1-13). It seems that Leucine acts as a primary signal alerting the body of amino acid availability for protein synthesis. This signaling causes an up-regulation of relevant muscle building machinery, especially in conjunction with insulin (2).
While insulin seems to enhance the effect of Leucine, multiple studies have proposed an additional non-insulin dependent effect of Leucine on MPS, which most discussions on the topic have overlooked (2,3,11). The relevant message is that Leucine will cause an anti-catabolic and/or myotropic effect on its own through non insulin-dependent mechanisms, and will also have an additional effect when coupled with insulin from concurrent carbohydrate ingestion.
While all of the mechanisms Leucine uses to deliver its effects on muscle tissue have yet to be elucidated, we know that it has a profound effect on mTOR activation, a key regulator of MPS (1,7,9). Aside from the well documented mTOR effect, Leucine may also have muscle building effects unrelated to this pathway, as noted by Kimball and Jefferson in a 2001 study which found elevated muscle protein synthesis with no significant increase in mTOR signaling proteins (4).
Another way Leucine exhibits its beneficial effect on body composition is through its lesser known ability to increase muscle cell insulin sensitivity (2). It seems that available Leucine directly translates to increased uptake of all nutrients at the muscle cell, therefore creating an immediate increase in muscle building. Resistance training alone has been shown to upregulate MPS when adequate calories are supplied, yet the addition of Essential Amino Acids (EAA’s, which include Leucine) causes a much greater elevation (8). While initial studies on post workout MPS focused on BCAA’s and EAA’s, later studies have shown that Leucine is the primary contributor to accelerated muscle tissue accretion, having the same or greater effect when taken alone vs. conjunction with the other BCAA’s/EAA’s (2,8,10).
Garlick PJ, Grant I. 1988. Amino Acid infusion increases the sensitivity of muscle protein synthesis invivo to insulin. Biochem J. 254:579-584.
Leucine is truly a wonder supplement when trying to retain lean body mass on a calorie restricted diet. Studies have shown supplemental Leucine to retain LBM in a hypocaloric state and even suppress protein breakdown after 18 hours of starvation (1,5,6). While most weight training aficionados have known for some time that the RDA for protein is far from optimal when trying to change body composition, new research has confirmed that during caloric restriction, daily requirements of certain amino acids, particularly Leucine, are drastically understated. In a 2008 review titled “Leucine for retention of lean mass on a hypocaloric diet”, researchers looked at a study that put various subjects on a 500 calorie/day deficit with various macronutrient intakes. The group on a high protein/high Leucine diet lost more weight, more fat, and showed greater LBM retention. Leucine supplemented groups have also shown more visceral fat loss than controls, which aside from being unsightly, is the deep abdominal fat known for wreaking havoc on the entire body. This review also covered Leucine’s ability to control appetite through hypothalamic regulation, truly pointing to leucine as a dieter’s best friend (1).
Whether using leucine to accelerate protein synthesis during a muscle gaining phase or minimize muscle loss and accelerate fat loss while dieting, it should certainly hold a place in any physique enthusiast’s repertoire and represents a crucial component in the Protocol formula.
Leucine Key Benefits:
- Activates mTOR
- Significantly elevates muscle protein synthesis
- Reduces muscle protein breakdown
- Reduces muscle loss on hypocaloric diet
- Increases muscle cell insulin sensitivity
- Provides a muscle building effect in conjunction with insulin
- Increases muscle growth through insulin-independent mechanisms
- The only amino acid to independently switch on muscle building cascade
L-Carnitine L-Tartrate (LCLT) is a combination of the amino acid L-Carnitine and the salt of tartaric acid, with numerous potential benefits for those looking to improve body composition, performance and overall health.
One of LCLT’s major benefits stems from its ability to directly enhance recovery from exercise, allowing for faster muscle building and fat loss. Studies have shown supplementation with LCLT can reduce the metabolic stress of exercise, enhance ammonia clearance at the muscle causing a favorable shift in pH, speed recovery, and even reduce muscle soreness (15,17,19,21). Reduced soreness may not be a big seller for some people that don’t mind a little post training pain, but looking at it in big picture terms, this may allow you to train again sooner and get more effective and frequent training sessions in throughout the week, month, or year leading to accelerated progress.
In a placebo controlled study published in 2008 by the big dogs William Kraemer and Jeff Volek (among others), the researchers found that ingestion of 2g/day of LCLT favorably shifted muscle cell oxygenation, (the balance between oxygen delivery and oxygen consumption) by enhancing oxygen consumption at the muscle cell (16). This can have favorable effects in anaerobic as well as aerobic training.
LCLT has also gained recent attention due to its ability to favorably affect muscle building hormone signaling through multiple mechanisms. In a groundbreaking study published in Med Sci Sports Exerc., researchers found LCLT was able to increase muscle cell androgen receptor density which gives testosterone more sites to “dock”, and therefore could potentially kick start a large muscle building cascade (18). This is extremely beneficial for athletes choosing to use exogenous sources of testosterone as well as natural trainees. Aside from optimizing endogenous and exogenous testosterone binding ability, ingestion of 2g/day of LCLT for 3 weeks also significantly elevated IGF-1 levels in study subjects, another key muscle building hormone which aids in muscle gain (19).
Aside from the numerous exciting benefits, LCLT has also been deemed to be safe, researchers finding no adverse effects from daily supplementation (20).
L-Carnitine L-Tartrate Key Benefits:
- Increases androgen receptor density
- Elevates IGF-1 levels
- Reduces markers of metabolic stress to exercise
- Decreases post workout soreness
- Speeds recovery from training
- Enhances muscle cell oxygen consumption
Creatinol O Phosphate helps improve strength, performance, and recovery. Creatinol-O-Phosphate (COP) is not creatine. While compounds share structural similarities, they are different compounds with different effects. COP is now gaining traction as an ergogenic aid that may be useful for athletes and bodybuilders.
Creatinol-O Phosphate Key Benefits:
- Supporting Increases in Strength*
- Promoting Improved Performance By Acting as an Intracellular Buffer and Increasing Anaerobic Glycolysis*
- Supporting Improved Recovery*
- Acting as an Intracellular Buffer to Help
Arginine is an amino acid that has made its way into countless bodybuilding supplements in the past few years, surrounded by endless promises about enhanced muscle pumps and heightened nutrient delivery. Most people have realized the incredulous amount of hyperbole involved in these claims and have begun to accept its muscle building potential to be far less than originally theorized. What does arginine have to do with agmatine? Once arginine is decarboxylated, it becomes agmatine. This decarboxylation entirely changes the nature of the compound in the body, so much so that agmatine is involved with even more metabolic processes than arginine itself.
Agmatine takes a two pronged attack at nitric oxide elevation, by increasing NO synthesis as well as being an irreversible inhibitor of Nitric Oxide Synthase, which is the enzyme responsible for degradation of NO (24,27,28). By effectively elevating NO and decreasing its breakdown, the much sought after effects of increased vasodilatation and nutrient delivery to the muscle cells can be maximized. While it is debatable whether an increase in NO pre-workout is beneficial, most experts agree that a post workout elevation of NO can be highly useful for muscle recovery and enhancing the muscle building signal cascade.
Agmatine is normally released endogenously in response to stress and inflammation, by supplementing with an exogenous source one can maximize its effect on recovery (27). When using agmatine immediately after workouts, the nutrients digested in a post workout meal or shake can be more effectively delivered to the muscle cells for enhanced recovery and muscle growth.
In addition to increased nutrient delivery to muscle cells, agmatine also acts to aid nutrient uptake by increasing muscle cell insulin sensitivity through activation of I(2)-imidazoline receptors (25). So agmatine not only helps you get the glucose and amino acids to the right place, it also opens the door and drives them right inside the muscle cell to enhance protein synthesis.
Aside from the potent effects at the muscle cell, agmatine also possesses some interesting psychological effects. Studies have shown it to be neuroprotective by blocking the damaging effects of excessive glutamate, act as an anti-depressant and MAOb inhibitor, and even modulate and reverse opiate tolerance (22,26,27,28). Agmatine also has a beneficial effect on calcium homeostasis by reducing cellular calcium overload, lowers blood pressure, and has various beneficial effects on the heart (23,24).
Agmatine Sulfate Key Benefits:
- Increases Nitric Oxide synthesis
- Inhibits Nitric Oxide breakdown
- Enhances nutrient delivery to muscle cells
- Raises muscle cell insulin sensitivity
- Mood elevating