What are Antioxidants Good For – Top 4 Antioxidants
Antioxidants are necessary for the synthesis of cellular ATP, oxygen and glucose must undergo oxidative phosphorylation, a biochemical process which results in oxygen-abandoned electrons. These lone, unpaired electrons are known as Free Radicals, which move throughout the body searching for a molecule with room for an extra electron. This search is often unsuccessful, leading to a toxic accumulation of free radicals.
As their levels increase, free radicals begin to cause cellular injury by attacking and oxidizing DNA that controls cell growth and development. Oxidative disruption interferes with a cell’s ability to repair and regenerate, leading to advanced aging, organ dysfunction, cardiac disease and cancer.
Thankfully, antioxidant enzymes work to counterbalance the activity and accumulation of free radicals by catalyzing molecular reactions that transform free radicals into harmless molecules. In addition to neutralizing existing free radicals, antioxidants also work restoratively to decrease and/or reverse the adverse effects of free radical damage.
Alpha Lipoic Acid
Alpha Lipoic Acid is versatile and powerful, is often referred to as the “Super Antioxidant” for its solubility in both fats and water.
How it works:
- Prevention of cellular injury, most notably within ocular tissues, reducing the risk of eye-related disorders such as cataracts, glaucoma, and retinal damage.
- Provides cellular protection while simultaneously stimulating the synthesis of Dopamine and Noradrenaline, neurotransmitters associated with mood, memory, motivation, concentration and alertness.
With the highest concentration in organs with elevated energy demands (kidneys, liver, heart), CoQ10 is vital in the chain of cellular metabolic processes involved in generating energy.
How it works:
- Plays a vital role in oxygen utilization and energy production in heart muscle cells, resulting in improved muscle quality (strength) and function (increased work capacity)
- Assists in maintaining normal oxidative states of LDL cholesterol
- Improves blood circulation and strengthens blood vessel walls
While Glutathione is a simple, naturally produced molecule comprised of cysteine, glycine and glutamine – it is referred by researchers as “The Mother of All Antioxidants”
How it works:
1. Promotes synergistic cellular function by recycling and restoring levels of other key antioxidants
-This is how Glutathione got its “mothering reputation”. Much like a child brings its problems to its mother, other essential antioxidants bring toxins to Glutathione. Like a good mother, Glutathione absorbs the toxin, neutralizes it and then sacrifices itself in order to preserve the integrity of the messenger antioxidant.
- Glutathione contains sulfur chemical groups, which are moleculary “sticky”. This means that cellular toxins such as free radicals, mercury and other heavy metals stick to it and are then excreted from the body through bile and stool.
3. Critical in providing support to the immune system, specifically for fighting infection.
Non-vitamin carotenoid with anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-carcinogenic properties.
- With aging, there is increased activity of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) that degrade structural collagen and elastin in the extracellular matrix (ECM). Effects of ECM degeneration include skin wrinkling, diminished structural integrity (lack of volume/fullness), impaired wound healing and risk of cancer metastasis.
- Lutein selectively inhibits expression of MMPs in dermal fibroblasts, thereby strengthening dermal ECM and retarding the aging process of skin
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